TIG Welding is a manual welding process that requires the welder to use two hands to weld. What seperates TIG welding from most other welding processes is the way the arc is created and how the filler metal is added! When TIG Welding one hand is used for holding the TIG torch that produces the arc and the other hand is to add the filler metal to the weld joint. Because two hands are required to weld; TIG welding is the most difficult of the processes to learn, but at the same time is the most versatile when it comes to different metals. This process is slow but when done right it produces the highest quality weld! TIG welding is mostly used for critical weld joints, welding metals other than common steel, and where precise, small welds are needed.
In ARC welding, the intense heat needed to melt metal is produced by an electric arc. The arc is formed between the actual work and an electrode that is guided along the joint. The electrode is a specially prepared rod or wire that not only conducts the current but also melts and supplies filler metal to the joint.